For the Glory of the Lord Jesus Christ

The Ten Commandments: Are they still relevant? – Part 7b


As we left off in Part 7a, the Apostle Paul was laying out his exegetical argument that we have ‘died with Christ’ and therefore ‘sin and death no longer holds dominion over us.’  The Apostle Paul continues to set up his argument by placing them into juxtaposition to further show the permanent contrast of these opposing states.  It is like contrasting Heaven and hell; Life and death; Holiness and sinfulness.  In fact, the Bible student can read Romans 6:1-2 and then skip to v. 12 and not lose any of the Holy Spirit’s cogent thought processes as He instructs the Apostle to write to the Christians in Rome.   Verses 3-11 are a parenthetical insertion that expands upon the Lord Jesus Christ’s accomplishments through His sacrificial death. So let us look at:

Romans 6:12 (KJV)

Let not sin therefore reign (be your Lord and Master) in your mortal body (your flesh), that ye should OBEY it in the lusts thereof.

The following outline hopefully will make it clearer:

  1. Neither yield your members as instruments of unrighteousness unto sin
    1.  For sin shall not have dominion over you
    2.  For you are not under “law”
  2. Yield yourselves to GOD, as those alive from the dead, and your members as instruments of righteousness unto GOD
    1.  For sin shall not have dominion over you
    2.  For you are under GOD’S grace
  3. What then?  Shall we sin?
    1.  Because we are not under law, but under Grace
    2.  GOD FORBID
    3. Paul addresses in v.15 the concept of ‘Cheap Grace’

This writer would like to now address some finer points in v. 12-15 that most people do not see, simply because it is in the Greek Scriptures.  In v.14 in the Greek, “for you are not under law, but under grace.” But somehow during the translational process, the article ‘the’ was inserted before the word ‘law,’ and then they didn’t even print it with italicized letters to show that it was added by the translators.  Then in v.15 the translators again seemingly inserted another article of ‘the,’ into the English text before the word ‘law.’  

However, there isn’t any Greek word before the Greek word that is translated as ‘law’ in English.  It is ‘anarthrous’, which means there isn’t any article (i.e., ‘a, an, the’); but the Greek word ὅτι (pronounced ‘hot-ty’), which can be translated as either ‘that, since’ or ’because,’ has in this particular context been translated as ‘because,’ and then they inserted the article, ‘the’ before the word ‘law.’ 

However, doing this leads most readers to understand that the words, ‘the law’ refers to God’s Law.  But we need to realize that this is another ‘context specific’ usage of ‘law.’  To determine its correct usage, we need to find its direct antecedent, which is what?  It is the ‘law of sin,’ and it is found in v.12.  It is this ‘law’ that we are no longer under!  Amen, and praise God!

Let’s look at v.12-13 particularly in the Greek, using my English translation:

Romans 6:12-13

Μὴ οὖν βασιλευέτω ἡ ἁμαρτία                          ἐν τῷ θνητῷ ὑμῶν
Therefore, do not let sin reign (rule of law)            in your mortal

σώματι          εἰς τὸ ὑπακούειν                           ταῖς ἐπιθυμίαις αὐτοῦ,
body, in order that you would OBEY (or submit) to its’ violent lusts.

μηδὲ παριστάνετε τὰ μέλη ὑμῶν              ὅπλα                 ἀδικίας
Neither devote any part of your body         as a weapon   of unrighteousness to

τῇ ἁμαρτίᾳ, ἀλλὰ παραστήσατε ἑαυτοὺς τῷ θεῷ            ὡσεὶ                 
sin,                  but devote yourselves to God,                  so to speak,

ἐκ νεκρῶν                             ζῶντας καὶ τὰ μέλη ὑμῶν          ὅπλα          
from being dead to now        living and your body               as a weapon

δικαιοσύνης τῷ θεῷ

of righteousness for God.

Again, this article in its entirety is far too long, so we will continue in Part 7c.  God Bless you, see you there.

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